Professional photography is all about the right techniques, angles, and effects. If you are still learning photography then you ought to know some of the popular ways which photographers use to make beautiful images.
1. Fill Flash –
This is a wonderful technique that can brighten up dark images with the help of flash. Pictures are taken in brightly lit surroundings and the subject is darker than the background. The shutter speed and aperture need to be adjusted so the flash lightens the foreground but sustains the same brightness of the background. The subject mostly has a shadow on them because of the bright background. Remember to click a close picture to get the fill flash effect. For instance, this technique can illumine the face and eyes if the subject is wearing a hat or cap in a bright surrounding.
2. Rule of Thirds –
As a photographer, it is important that you be aware of the rule of thirds. This technique has been used by painters and artists for centuries and photographers also get beautiful clicks with this technique. The image is broken down into thirds vertically and horizontally – thus dividing the picture into 9 equal parts. The photographer ensures that the main subject doesn’t come in the center instead of in either corner of the frame. It gives a moving and more realistic effect to the image. This requires practice because for photographers to click pictures in this technique they would have to do it in their mind. However, for those who are new to photography and have not been able to capture the picture properly, you can use raw editor to download the original files and then crop and reframe it using various tools and improve the picture.
3. Contre-jour –
It is a French word and translates to ‘against daylight’. The source of light in such photos comes from right behind the subject. When this surrounding is selected there is a contract created between dark and light. It emphasizes the shape of the subject but hides the details. The subject appears to be completely black and dark in a lit and colored background. It creates intense pictures and works well for nature photography. Depending on what you are clicking you can capture more details of the subject or lower the quality of details. Lens hood helps in enhancing the dramatic effect of a center-jour image. The lens hood barricades the glare from hitting the lens. Excessive light leads to overexposure and the photo clicked will not have high definition.
4. Long Exposure –
If you are interested in creating dreamy landscapes then the long exposure technique is what you should be aiming at. It captures the still elements and blurs the elements that are in motion. This requires a narrow aperture along with long duration shutter speed. The image needs to be taken in low it environment and photographers usually click such pictures in the night. Twisted roads of hills, stars etc. are used as subjects for this type of photos. Shooting pictures with long exposure can be done in daytime also. However, ensure that it is done on a cloudy day or evening when the sun has set but night hasn’t yet dawned. Water-falls and mountains or hills covered with fog or clouds are best shot with long exposure. Avoid shooting pictures for long exposure effect when there is too much light because exposing your lens to direct light can be problematic.
Pictures clicked using these effects are mind-blowing and will get you appreciation.